The first step towards creating a personalised skincare routine is to decode one’s skin type. The reason no product ever achieves the one-size-fits-all tag, is because every skin type is distinct in nature and unique in texture. In order to find the right skincare products and understand their benefits, you first need to understand the needs of your skin.
Most people fall into five skin types— oily, combination, dry, sensitive and normal skin—according to leading skincare experts. Finding which category you fall under is the tipping point for your initial plunge into skincare, and even though it might seem too cumbersome to understand, in reality it is a relatively easy process. We make your life even more easier, as we use this feature to help you understand how your skin behaves in it’s natural state, and what are the best practices that you should add to your routine, which will keep it healthy now, and long into the future.
Oily skin is often shiny, has large pores and is prone to blackheads, milia and breakouts. The upside: Oily skin usually ages better as the sebum helps to keep the skin supple and lubricated.
Solution: Every morning, use a cleanser that breaks through the grime and oil that your skin produces overnight. Make sure you avoid ordinary soaps that tighten and dry the skin; rather wash your face with clay based mild cleansers, or salicylic-acid-based exfoliating scrubs. Use warm water to rinse off the scrub or cleanser. By applying small bits of balancing serum after using a cleanser, you will trick your skin into releasing less sebum and thus mitigating the issue. Oil-free moisturisers are always recommended, or in cases of extremely oily skin, an oil-absorbing moisturiser.
Combination skin is oily on the T-zone, (forehead, nose and chin) and dry or normal across the cheeks. Combination skin can also change from oily to dry, depending on climatic conditions.
Solution: Your skin is exposed to dirt and pollution every day, which is then rubbed off against your pillow case. This type of skincare abuse happens day in and day out. To avoid this, use a gel based cleanser twice a day, which contains essential oils or a lotion based cleanser so as to not suck out the moisture from your skin; followed by some hyaluronic serum. Make sure to remove dead cells and unclog your pores twice a week, by using a gritty face scrub. Avoid delicate skin areas.
Dry skin can feel tight, rough or flaky, with visible fine lines around the eyes and forehead, even after applying moisturiser.
Solution: When you have visibly dry or patchy skin, logic dictates that you stay away from anti-oil products or skincare remedies. You’ll want products with aloe, glycerin, ceramides, and hyaluronic acid. If your skin is too dry, you may get away with washing your face just once a day, replacing the other with a simple splash of water. Boost the skin’s hydration with a hyaluronic serum and moisturiser for your nighttime wash. Be on the lookout for healthy ingredients such as jojoba oil, sunflower seed oil, and apricot oil.
Sensitive skin flushes easily and can often react to skincare products with a stinging or burning sensation, bumps, pustules and erythema.
Solution: To keep your skin looking it’s best, it is essential to keep a tab on your skincare products and regimen. At the same time, your skin isn’t static. It needs change just as much as the air, nature and environment around you does. Begin everyday by applying a milk-based cleanser on your face, using a cotton ball. You need to avoid synthetic fragrances and oils, as they can easily trigger an adverse reaction or allergy on your skin. You need to be on the lookout for soothing ingredients such as tea tree extracts, antioxidants and Vitamin-C, to boost your skin’s natural mechanism.
Normal skin is neither oily nor dry and rarely breaks out. It usually tolerates most skincare products and has a smooth, even texture.
Solution: Also known as eudermic skin, men with a normal skin type have a naturally well-balanced amount of moisture and sebum. But even though you are one of the blessed children of God, with a skin that gets better with age, it doesn’t hurt to take on certain preventive measures to double the strength of this vital organ. Use the right cleanser to remove the accumulated dirt and oil, followed by a layer of aloe vera gel, which offers natural cleansing and moisturising benefits. Once the gel is absorbed, dab small amounts of jojoba oil onto your skin, which locks in moisture and fends off free radicals, to prevent unnecessary damage.